A journal of IEEE and CAA , publishes high-quality papers in English on original theoretical/experimental research and development in all areas of automation

Vol.5, No.4, 2018

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PAPERS
Polyhedral Feasible Set Computation of MPC-Based Optimal Control Problems
Lantao Xie, Lei Xie, Hongye Su, Jingdai Wang
2018, 5(4): 765-770. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511126
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Feasible sets play an important role in model predictive control (MPC) optimal control problems (OCPs). This paper proposes a multi-parametric programming-based algorithm to compute the feasible set for OCP derived from MPC-based algorithms involving both spectrahedron (represented by linear matrix inequalities) and polyhedral (represented by a set of inequalities) constraints. According to the geometrical meaning of the inner product of vectors, the maximum length of the projection vector from the feasible set to a unit spherical coordinates vector is computed and the optimal solution has been proved to be one of the vertices of the feasible set. After computing the vertices, the convex hull of these vertices is determined which equals the feasible set. The simulation results show that the proposed method is especially efficient for low dimensional feasible set computation and avoids the non-unicity problem of optimizers as well as the memory consumption problem that encountered by projection algorithms.
The Power Allocation Game on A Network: A Paradox
Yuke Li, A. Stephen Morse
2018, 5(4): 771-776. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511129
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The well-known Braess paradox in congestion games states that adding an additional road to a transportation network may increase the total travel time, and consequently decrease the overall efficiency. This paper presents a paradox in a similar spirit and involves a distributed resource allocation game on networks, namely the power allocation game between countries developed in Li and Morse (2017). The paradox is that by having additional friends may actually decrease a country's total welfare in equilibrium. Conditions for this paradox to occur as well as the price of anarchy results are also derived.
Finite Frequency Fuzzy H Control for Uncertain Active Suspension Systems With Sensor Failure
Zhenxing Zhang, Hongyi Li, Chengwei Wu, Qi Zhou
2018, 5(4): 777-786. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511132
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This paper investigates the problem of finite frequency fuzzy H control for uncertain active vehicle suspension systems, in which sensor failure is taken into account. TakagiSugeno (T-S) fuzzy model is established for considered suspension systems. In order to describe the sensor fault effectively, a corresponding model is introduced. A vital performance index, H performance, is utilized to measure the drive comfort. In the framework of Kalman-Yakubovich-Popov theory, the H norm from external perturbation to controlled output is optimized effectively in the frequency domain of 4 Hz-8 Hz to enhance ride comfort level. Meanwhile, three suspension constrained requirements, i.e., ride comfort level, manipulation stability, suspension deflection are also guaranteed. Furthermore, sufficient conditions are developed to design a fuzzy controller to guarantee the desired performance of active suspension systems. Finally, the proposed control scheme is applied to a quarter-vehicle active suspension, and simulation results are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
Analysis of the Caratheodory's Theorem on Dynamical System Trajectories Under Numerical Uncertainty
Pavel Osinenko, Grigory Devadze, Stefan Streif
2018, 5(4): 787-793. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511135
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The current work proposes a new and constructive proof for the Caratheodory's theorem on existence and uniqueness of trajectories of dynamical systems. The key concern is the numerical uncertainty, i.e., the discrepancy between mathematical proofs, algorithms, and their implementations, which may affect the correct functioning of a control system. Due to growing demands on security and compliance with specifications, correctness of the control system functioning is becoming ever more important. Since in both dynamical systems and many control design approaches, one of the central notions is the system trajectory, it is important to address existence and uniqueness of system trajectories in a way which incorporates numerical uncertainty. Constructive analysis is a particular approach to formalizing numerical uncertainty and is used as the basis of the current work. The major difficulties of guaranteeing existence and uniqueness of system trajectories arise in the case of systems and controllers which possess discontinuities in time, since classical solutions to initial value problems do not exist. This issue is addressed in Caratheodory's theorem. A particular constructive variant of the theorem is proven which covers a large class of problems found in practice.
Modified Cuckoo Search Algorithm to Solve Economic Power Dispatch Optimization Problems
Jian Zhao, Shixin Liu, Mengchu Zhou, Xiwang Guo, Liang Qi
2018, 5(4): 794-806. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511138
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A modified cuckoo search (CS) algorithm is proposed to solve economic dispatch (ED) problems that have nonconvex, non-continuous or non-linear solution spaces considering valve-point effects, prohibited operating zones, transmission losses and ramp rate limits. Comparing with the traditional cuckoo search algorithm, we propose a self-adaptive step size and some neighbor-study strategies to enhance search performance. Moreover, an improved lambda iteration strategy is used to generate new solutions. To show the superiority of the proposed algorithm over several classic algorithms, four systems with different benchmarks are tested. The results show its efficiency to solve economic dispatch problems, especially for large-scale systems.
Robust Leader-Following Output Regulation of Uncertain Multi-Agent Systems With Time-Varying Delay
Ala Shariati, Qing Zhao
2018, 5(4): 807-817. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511141
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In this paper, the robust analysis and design of leader-following output regulation for multi-agent systems described by general linear models is given in presence of timevarying delay and model uncertainty. To this aim, a new regulation protocol for the closed-loop multi-agent system under a directed graph is proposed. An important specification of the proposed protocol is to guarantee the leader-following output regulation for uncertain multi-agent systems with both stable and unstable agents. Since many signals can be approximated by a combination of the stationary and ramp signals, the presented results work for adequate variety of the leaders. The analysis and design conditions are presented in terms of certain matrix inequalities. The method proposed can be used for both stationary and ramp leaders. Simulation results are presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
A Matrix Approach to the Modeling and Analysis of Networked Evolutionary Games With Time Delays
Guodong Zhao, Yuzhen Wang, Haitao Li
2018, 5(4): 818-826. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2016.7510259
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Using the semi-tensor product method, this paper investigates the modeling and analysis of networked evolutionary games (NEGs) with finite memories, and presents a number of new results. Firstly, a kind of algebraic expression is formulated for the networked evolutionary games with finite memories, based on which the behavior of the corresponding evolutionary game is analyzed. Secondly, under a proper assumption, the existence of Nash equilibrium of the given networked evolutionary games is proved and a free-type strategy sequence is designed for the convergence to the Nash equilibrium. Finally, an illustrative example is worked out to support the obtained new results.
Parallel Reinforcement Learning: A Framework and Case Study
Teng Liu, Bin Tian, Yunfeng Ai, Li Li, Dongpu Cao, Fei-Yue Wang
2018, 5(4): 827-835. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511144
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In this paper, a new machine learning framework is developed for complex system control, called parallel reinforcement learning. To overcome data deficiency of current data-driven algorithms, a parallel system is built to improve complex learning system by self-guidance. Based on the Markov chain (MC) theory, we combine the transfer learning, predictive learning, deep learning and reinforcement learning to tackle the data and action processes and to express the knowledge. Parallel reinforcement learning framework is formulated and several case studies for real-world problems are finally introduced.
Networked Control Approach for Distributed Generation Systems
Magdi S. Mahmoud, Mohamed Saif Ur Rahman
2018, 5(4): 836-851. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2017.7510688
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Microgrid has emerged as an answer to growing demand for distributed generation (DG) in power systems. It contains several DG units including microalternator, photovoltaic system and wind generation. It turns out that sustained operation relies on the stability of these constituent systems. In this paper, a microgrid consisting of microalternator and photovoltaic system is modeled as a networked control system of systems (SoS) subjected to packet dropouts and delays. Next, an observerbased controller is designed to stabilize the system in presence of the aforementioned communication constraints and simulation results are provided to support the control design methodology.
Robust Adaptive Control for Robotic Systems With Input Time-Varying Delay Using Hamiltonian Method
Yong Ren, Weiwei Sun
2018, 5(4): 852-859. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2016.7510055
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This paper addresses the problem of robust adaptive control for robotic systems with model uncertainty and input time-varying delay. The Hamiltonian method is applied to develop the stabilization results of the robotic systems. Firstly, with the idea of shaping potential energy and the pre-feedback skill, the n degree-of-freedom (DOF) uncertain robotic systems are realized as an augmented dissipative Hamiltonian formulation with delay. Secondly, based on the obtained Hamiltonian system formulation and by using of the Lyapunov-Krasovskii (L-K) functional method, an adaptive controller is designed to show that the robotic systems can be asymptotically stabilized depending on the input delay. Meanwhile, some sufficient conditions are spelt out to guarantee the rationality and validity of the proposed control law. Finally, study of an illustrative example with simulations shows that the controller obtained in this paper works very well in handling uncertainties and input delay in the robotic systems.
DOA Estimation Based on Sparse Representation of the Fractional Lower Order Statistics in Impulsive Noise
Sen Li, Rongxi He, Bin Lin, Fei Su
2018, 5(4): 860-868. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2016.7510187
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This paper is mainly to deal with the problem of direction of arrival (DOA) estimations of multiple narrow-band sources impinging on a uniform linear array under impulsive noise environments. By modeling the impulsive noise as fistable distribution, new methods which combine the sparse signal representation technique and fractional lower order statistics theory are proposed. In the new algorithms, the fractional lower order statistics vectors of the array output signal are sparsely represented on an overcomplete basis and the DOAs can be effectively estimated by searching the sparsest coefficients. To enhance the robustness performance of the proposed algorithms, the improved algorithms are advanced by eliminating the fractional lower order statistics of the noise from the fractional lower order statistics vector of the array output through a linear transformation. Simulation results have shown the effectiveness of the proposed methods for a wide range of highly impulsive environments.
Comparative Study of Different Decoupling Schemes for TITO Binary Distillation Column via PI Controller
Mohamed Hamdy, Abdalhady Ramadan, Belal Abozalam
2018, 5(4): 869-877. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2016.7510040
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This paper presents a comparative study of different decoupling control schemes for a two-input, two-output (TITO) binary distillation column via proportional-integral (PI) controller. The key idea behind this paper is designing two novel fuzzy decoupling schemes that depend on human knowledge, instead of the system mathematical model used in conventional decoupling schemes. Based on conventional and inverted decoupling schemes, fuzzy and inverted fuzzy decoupling schemes are developed. The control effect is compared using simulation results for the proposed two schemes with conventional decoupling and inverted decoupling. The proposed fuzzy decoupling schemes are easy to realize and simple to design, besides they have a good decoupling capability. Two methods are used to prove asymptotic stability of each loop and the entire closed-loop system by applying the proposed fuzzy decoupling-based PI controller. The Wood and Berry model of a binary distillation column is used to illustrate the applicability of the proposed schemes.
Adaptive Sliding-Mode Control of an Automotive Electronic Throttle in the Presence of Input Saturation Constraint
Rui Bai
2018, 5(4): 878-884. doi: 10.1109/JAS.2018.7511147
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In modern vehicles, electronic throttle (ET) has been widely utilized to control the airflow into gasoline engine. To solve the control difficulties with an ET, such as strong nonlinearity, unknown model parameters and input saturation constraints, an adaptive sliding-mode tracking control strategy for an ET is presented. Compared with the existing control strategies for an ET, input saturation constraints and parameter uncertainties are adequately considered in the proposed control strategy. At first, the nonlinear dynamic model for control of an ET is described. According to the dynamical model, the nonlinear adaptive sliding-mode tracking control method is presented, where parameter adaptive laws and auxiliary design system are employed. Parameter adaptive law is given to estimate the unknown parameter with an ET. An auxiliary system is designed, and its state is utilized in the tracking control method to handle the input saturation. Stability proof and analysis of the adaptive sliding-mode control method is performed by using Lyapunov stability theory. Finally, the reliability and feasibility of the proposed control strategy are evaluated by computer simulation. Simulation research shows that the proposed sliding-mode control strategy can provide good control performance for an ET.

IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica

  • CiteScore 2018: 5.31
    Rank:Top 9% (Category of Control and Systems Engineering), Top 10% (Categories of Information System and Artificial Intelligence)