Abstract This paper provides a survey on modeling and theories of networked control systems (NCS). In the first part, modeling of the different types of imperfections that affect NCS is discussed. These imperfections are quantization errors, packet dropouts, variable sampling/transmission intervals, variable transmission delays, and communication constraints. Then follows in the second part a presentation of several theories that have been applied for controlling networked systems. These theories include: input delay system approach, Markovian system approach, switched system approach, stochastic system approach, impulsive system approach, and predictive control approach. In the last part, some advanced issues in NCS including decentralized and distributed NCS, cloud control system, and co-design of NCS are reviewed.

Magdi S. Mahmoud, Mutaz M. Hamdan, "Fundamental Issues in Networked Control Systems," IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 902-922, 2018.

[1] W. Zhang, M. S. Branicky, and S. M. Phillips, "Stability of networked control systems," IEEE Control Syst., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 84-99, Feb. 2001.
[2] T. C. Yang, "Networked control system: a brief survey," IEE Proc. Control Theory Appl., vol. 153, no. 4, pp. 403-412, Jul. 2006.
[3] J. Baillieul and P. J. Antsaklis, "Control and communication challenges in networked real-time systems," Proc. IEEE, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 9-28, Jan. 2007.
[4] J. Hespanha, P. Naghshtabrizi, and Y. G. Xu, "A survey of recent results in networked control systems," Proc. IEEE, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 138-162, Jan. 2007.
[5] R. A. Gupta and M. Y. Chow, "Networked control system: overview and research trends," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 2527-2535, Jul. 2010.
[6] L. X. Zhang, H. J. Gao, and O. Kaynak, "Network-induced constraints in networked control systems - a survey," IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 403-416, Feb. 2013.
[7] Y. Q. Xia, Y. L. Gao, L. P. Yan, and M. Y. Fu, "Recent progress in networked control systems - a survey," Int. J. Autom. Comput., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 343-367, Aug. 2015.
[8] X. M. Zhang, Q. L. Han, and Y. L. Wang, "A brief survey of recent results on control and filtering for networked systems," in Proc. 12th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation (WCICA), Guilin, China, 2016, pp. 64-69.
[9] X. M. Zhang, Q. L. Han, and X. H. Yu, "Survey on recent advances in networked control systems," IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf., vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 1740-1752, Oct. 2016.
[10] M. S. Mahmoud, "Networked control systems analysis and design: an overview," Arab. J. Sci. Eng., vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 711-758, Mar. 2016.
[11] M. S. Mahmoud and Y. Q. Xia, "The interaction between control and computing theories: new approaches," Int. J. Autom. Comput., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 254-274, Jun. 2017.
[12] L. Zou, W. Z. Dong, and D. H. Zhou, "Event-based control and filtering of networked systems: a survey," Int. J. Autom. Comput., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 239-253, Jun. 2017.
[13] F. Y. Wang and D. R. Liu, Networked Control Systems Theory and Applications. London: Springer, 2008.
[14] A. Bemporad, M. Heemels, and M. Johansson, Networked Control Systems: Theory and Applications. Berlin: Springer, 2010.
[15] Y. Q. Xia, M. Y. Fu, and G. P. Liu, Analysis and Synthesis of Networked Control Systems. Berlin: Springer, 2011.
[16] M. S. Mahmoud, Control and Estimation Methods over Communication Networks. London: Springer, 2014.
[17] E. Garcia, M. J. McCourt, and P. J. Antsaklis, "Model-based eventtriggered control of networked systems," Event-Based Control and Signal Processing. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2015, pp. 177-202.
[18] X. H. Ge, F. W. Yang, and Q. L. Han, "Distributed networked control systems: a brief overview," Inf. Sci., vol. 380, pp. 117-131, Feb. 2017.
[19] W. P. M. H. Heemels, D. Neši?, A. R. Teel, and N. van de Wouw, "Net-worked and quantized control systems with communication delays," in Proc. 48th IEEE Conf. Decision and Control (CDC) held jointly with 28th Chinese Control Conf., Shanghai, China, 2009, pp. 7929-7935.
[20] H. Sun, N. Hovakimyan, and T. Basar, "L1 adaptive controller for quantized systems, "in Proc. 2011 American Control Conf., San Francisco, CA, pp. 582-587.
[21] R. W. Brockett and D. Liberzon, "Quantized feedback stabilization of linear systems," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1279-1289, Jul. 2000.
[22] D. Liberzon, "Hybrid feedback stabilization of systems with quantized signals," Automatica, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1543-1554, Sep. 2003.
[23] N. Elia and S. K. Mitter, "Stabilization of linear systems with limited information," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 1384-1400, Sep. 2001.
[24] M. Y. Fu and L. H. Xie, "The sector bound approach to quantized feedback control," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 1698-1711, Nov. 2005.
[25] H. J. Gao and T. W. Chen, "A new approach to quantized feedback control systems," Automatica, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 534-542, Feb. 2008.
[26] M. Y. Fu and L. H. Xie, "The sector bound approach to quantized feedback control," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 1698-1711, Nov. 2005.
[27] K. Tsumura, H. Ishii, and H. Hoshina, "Tradeoffs between quantization and packet loss in networked control of linear systems," Automatica, vol. 45, no. 12, pp. 2963-2970, Dec. 2009.
[28] Y. Ishido, K. Takaba, and D. E. Quevedo, "Stability analysis of networked control systems subject to packet-dropouts and finite-level quantization," Syst. Control Lett., vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 325-332, May 2011.
[29] Y. Sharon and D. Liberzon, "Stabilization of linear systems under coarse quantization and time delays," IFAC Proc. Vol., vol. 43, no. 19, pp. 31-36, 2010.
[30] Y. Sharon and D. Liberzon, "Input to state stabilizing controller for systems with coarse quantization," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 830-844, Apr. 2012.
[31] J. J. Yan and Y. Q. Xia, "Quantized control for networked control systems with packet dropout and unknown disturbances," Inf. Sci., vol. 354, pp. 86-100, Aug. 2016.
[32] T. H. Lee, J. W. Xia, and J. H. Park, "Networked control system with asynchronous samplings and quantizations in both transmission and receiving channels," Neurocomputing, vol. 237, pp. 25-38, May 2017.
[33] L. Bao, M. Skoglund, and K. H. Johansson, "Encoder-decoder design for event-triggered feedback control over bandlimited channels," in Proc. 2006 American Control Conf., Minneapolis, USA, pp. 4183-4188.
[34] L. C. Li, X. F. Wang, and M. Lemmon, "Stabilizing bit-rates in quantized event triggered control systems," Proc. 15th ACM Int. Conf. Hybrid Systems: Computation and Control, Beijing, China, 2012, pp. 245-254.
[35] S. J. Hu and D. Yue, "Event-triggered control design of linear networked systems with quantizations," ISA Trans., vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 153-162, Jan. 2012.
[36] E. Garcia and P. J. Antsaklis, "Model-based event-triggered control for systems with quantization and time-varying network delays," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 422-434, Feb. 2013.
[37] H. Yan, S. Yan, H. Zhang, and H. Shi, "L_{2} control design of event triggered networked control systems with quantizations," J. Franklin Inst., vol. 352, no. 1, pp. 332-345, Jan. 2015.
[38] J. L. Xiong and J. Lam, "Stabilization of networked control systems with a logic ZOH," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 358-363, Feb. 2009.
[39] M. B. G. Cloosterman, L. Hetel, N. van de Wouw, W. P. M. H. Heemels, J. Daafouz, and H. Nijmeijer, "Controller synthesis for networked control systems," Automatica, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 1584-1594, Oct. 2010.
[40] D. Yue, Q. L. Han, and C. Peng, "State feedback controller design of networked control systems," in Proc. 2004 IEEE Int. Conf. Control Applications, Taipei China, 2004, pp. 242-247.
[41] H. J. Gao and T. W. Chen, "Network-based H_{∞} output tracking control," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 655-667, Apr. 2008.
[42] X. T. Na, Y. F. Zhan, Y. Q. Xia, and J. J. Dong, "Control of networked systems with packet loss and channel uncertainty," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 10, no. 17, pp. 2251-2259, Nov. 2016.
[43] D. Ma, G. M. Dimirovski, and J. Zhao, "Hybrid state feedback controller design of networked switched control systems with packet dropout," in Proc. 2010 American Control Conf., Baltimore, MD, pp. 1368-1373.
[44] S. Yin, L. Yu, and W. A. Zhang, "A switched system approach to networked H_{∞} filtering with packet losses," Circuits Syst. Signal Process., vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 1341-1354, Dec. 2011.
[45] Y. Sun and S. Qin, "Stability of networked control systems with packet dropout: an average dwell time approach," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 47-53, Jan. 2011.
[46] P. Seiler and R. Sengupta, "Analysis of communication losses in vehicle control problems," in Proc. 2001 America Control Conf., Arlington, VA, USA, pp. 1491-1496.
[47] J. L. Xiong and J. Lam, "Stabilization of linear systems over networks with bounded packet loss," Automatica, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 80-87, Jan. 2007.
[48] Z. D. Wang, F. W. Yang, D. W. C. Ho, and X. H. Liu, "Robust H_{∞} control for networked systems with random packet losses," IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. B: Cybern., vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 916-924, Apr. 2007.
[49] M. S. Mahmoud, S. Z. Selim, and P. Shi, "Global exponential stability criteria for neural networks with probabilistic delays," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 2405-2415, Nov. 2010.
[50] M. S. Mahmoud, S. Z. Selim, P. Shi, and M. H. Baig, "New results on networked control systems with non-stationary packet dropouts," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 6, no. 15, pp. 2442-2452, Oct. 2012.
[51] X. L. Luan, P. Shi, and F. Liu, "Stabilization of networked control systems with random delays," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 58, no. 9, pp. 4323-4330, Sep. 2011.
[52] D. Zhang, P. Shi, Q. G. Wang, and L. Yu, "Analysis and synthesis of networked control systems: a survey of recent advances and challenges," ISA Trans., vol. 66, pp. 376-392, Jan. 2017.
[53] E. Fridman, A. Seuret, and J. Richard, "Robust sampled-data stabilization of linear systems: an input delay approach," Automatica, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 1441-1446, Aug. 2004.
[54] L. Mirkin, "Some remarks on the use of time-varying delay to model sample-and-hold circuits," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 1109-1112, Jun. 2007.
[55] E. Fridman, "A refined input delay approach to sampled-data control," Automatica, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 421-427, Feb. 2010.
[56] K. Liu and E. Fridman, "Wirtinger? inequality and Lyapunov-based sampled-data stabilization," Automatica, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 102-108, Jan. 2012.
[57] Z. G. Wu, P. Shi, H. Y. Su, and J. Chu, "Local synchronization of chaotic neural networks with sampled-data and saturating actuators," IEEE Trans. Cybern., vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 2635-2645, Dec. 2014.
[58] Z. G. Wu, P. Shi, H. Y. Su, and J. Chu, "Exponential stabilization for sampled-data neural-network-based control systems," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. Learn. Syst., vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 2180-2190, Dec. 2014.
[59] Y. J. Liu and S. M. Lee, "Stability and stabilization of Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy systems via sampled-data and state quantized controller," IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 635-644, Jun. 2016.
[60] Y. L. Wang and Q. L. Han, "Modelling and controller design for discrete-time networked control systems with limited channels and data drift," Inf. Sci., vol. 269, pp. 332-348, Jun. 2014.
[61] L. Q. Zhang, Y. Shi, T. W. Chen, and B. Huang, "A new method for stabilization of networked control systems with random delays," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 50, no. 8, pp. 1177-1181, Aug. 2005.
[62] Y. Shi and B. Yu, "Output feedback stabilization of networked control systems with random delays modeled by Markov chains," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 1668-1674, Jul. 2009.
[63] Y. Shi and B. Yu, "Robust mixed H_{2}/H_{∞} control of networked control systems with random time delays in both forward and backward communication links," Automatica, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 754-760, Apr. 2011.
[64] A. Onat, T. Naskali, E. Parlakay, and O. Mutluer, "Control over imperfect networks: model-based predictive networked control systems," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 905-913, Mar. 2011.
[65] Y. Ge, Q. G. Chen, M. Jiang, and Y. Q. Huang, "Modeling of random delays in networked control systems," J. Control Sci. Eng., vol. 2013, pp. 1-9, Article ID 383415, Jul. 2013.
[66] R. Luck and A. Ray, "Delay compensation in integrated communication and control systems: Part I - conceptual development and analysis," in Proc. American Control Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1990, pp. 2045-2050.
[67] R. Luck and A. Ray, "Delay compensation in integrated communication and control systems: Part Ⅱ - implementation and verification," in Proc. American Control Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 1990, pp. 2051-2055.
[68] A. L. Garcia and I. Widjaja, Communication Networks: Fundamental Concepts and Key Architectures. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.
[69] R. Brockett. "Stabilization of motor networks," in Proc. 34th IEEE Conf. Decision and Control, New Orleans, LA, USA, 1995, pp. 1484-1488.
[70] V. Blondell and J. Tsitsiklis, "NP hardness of some linear control design problems," SIAM J. Control Optim., vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 2118-2127, 1997.
[71] D. Hristu-Varsakelis, "Feedback control systems as users of a shared network: communication sequences that guarantee stability," in Proc. 40th IEEE Conf. Decision and Control, Orlando, FL, USA, 2001, pp. 3631-3636.
[72] M. S. Branicky, S. M. Phillips, and W. Zhang, "Scheduling and feedback co-design for networked control systems," in Proc. 41st IEEE Conf. Decision and Control, Las Vegas, NV, USA, 2002, pp. 1211-1217.
[73] L. Zhang and D. Hristu-Varsakelis, "Communication and control codesign for networked control systems," Automatica, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 953-958, Jun. 2006.
[74] W. J. Rugh, Linear System Theory (second edition). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1996.
[75] Y. Q. Wang, H. Ye, S. Ding, and G. Z. Wang, "Fault detection of networked control systems subject to access constraints and random packet dropout," Acta Autom. Sinica, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1235-1239, Sep. 2009.
[76] H. B. Song, W. A. Zhang, and L. Yu, "H_{∞} filtering of network-based systems with communication constraints," IET Signal Process., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 69-77, Mar. 2010.
[77] H. B. Song, L. Yu, and W. A. Zhang, "Networked H_{∞} filtering for linear discrete-time systems," Inf. Sci., vol. 181, pp. 3, no. 686-696, Feb. 2011.
[78] G. Guo, "A switching system approach to sensor and actuator assignment for stabilisation via limited multi-packet transmitting channels," Int. J. Control, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 78-93, Feb. 2011.
[79] D. Zhang, L. Yu, and Q. G. Wang, "Fault detection for a class of network-based nonlinear systems with communication constraints and random packet dropouts," Int. J. Adapt. Control Signal Process., vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 876-898, Oct. 2011.
[80] W. A. Zhang, L. Yu, and G. Feng, "Stabilization of linear discrete-time networked control systems via protocol and controller co-design," Int. J. Robust. Nonlinear Control, vol. 25, no. 16, pp. 3072-3085, Nov. 2015.
[81] P. D. Zhou, L. Yu, H. B. Song, and L. L. Ou, "H-infinity filtering for network-based systems with stochastic protocols," Control Theory Appl., vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 1711-1716, 2010.
[82] G. Guo, Z. B. Lu, and Q. L. Han, "Control with Markov sensors/actuators assignment," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 1799-1804, Jul. 2012.
[83] C. Z. Zhang, G. Feng, J. B. Qiu, and W. A. Zhang, "T-S fuzzy-modelbased piecewise H_{∞} output feedback controller design for networked nonlinear systems with medium access constraint," Fuzzy Sets Syst., vol. 248, pp. 86-105, Aug. 2014.
[84] H. Zhang, Y. Tian, and L. X. Gao, "Stochastic observability of linear systems under access constraints," Asian J. Control, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 64-73, Jun. 2015.
[85] L. Zou, Z. D. Wang, and H. J. Gao, "Observer-based H_{∞} control of networked systems with stochastic communication protocol: the finitehorizon case," Automatica, vol. 63, pp. 366-373, Jan. 2016.
[86] D. Zhang, H. Y. Song, and L. Yu, "Robust fuzzy-model-based filtering for nonlinear cyber-physical systems with multiple stochastic incomplete measurements," IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern.: Syst., vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 1826-1838, Aug. 2017.
[87] N. van de Wouw, P. Naghshtabrizi, M. B. G. Cloosterman, and J. P. Hespanha, "Tracking control for sampled-data systems with uncertain time-varying sampling intervals and delays," Int. J. Robust Nonlinear Control, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 387-411, Mar. 2010.
[88] N. W. Bauer, P. J. H. Maas, and W. P. M. H. Heemels, "Stability analysis of networked control systems: a sum of squares approach," Automatica, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 1514-1524, Aug. 2012.
[89] M. S. Mahmoud, "Estimator design for networked control systems with nonstationary packet dropouts," IMA J. Math. Control Inf., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 395-405, Sep. 2013.
[90] J. J. Yan, Y. Q. Xia, and L. Li, "Stabilization of fuzzy systems with quantization and packet dropout," Int. J. Robust Nonlinear Control, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 1563-1583, Jul. 2014.
[91] M. Hussain and M. Rehan, "Nonlinear time-delay anti-windup compensator synthesis for nonlinear time-delay systems: a delay-rangedependent approach," Neurocomputing, vol. 186, pp. 54-65, Apr. 2016.
[92] L. Sheng, Z. D. Wang, W. B. Wang, and F. E. Alsaadi, "Outputfeedback control for nonlinear stochastic systems with successive packet dropouts and uniform quantization effects," IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. Syst., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1181-1191, Jul. 2017.
[93] R. Y. Ling, D. Zhang, L. Yu, and W. A. Zhang, "H_{∞} filtering for a class of networked systems with stochastic sampling - a Markovian system approach," in Proc. 32nd Chinese Control Conf., Xi'an, China, 2013, pp. 6616-6621.
[94] X. Y. Jia, B. Tang, D. F. He, and S. G. Peng, "Fuzzy-model-based robust stability of nonlinear networked control systems with input missing," in Proc. 26th Chinese Control and Decision Conf., Changsha, China, 2014, pp. 1995-2002.
[95] M. S. Mahmoud and A. W. A. Saif, "Robust quantized approach to fuzzy networked control systems," IEEE J. Emerg. Sel Top. Circuits Syst., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 71-81, Mar. 2012.
[96] D. Nesic and D. Liberzon, "A unified approach to controller design for systems with quantization and time scheduling," in Proc. 46th IEEE Conf. Decision and Control, New Orleans, LA, USA, 2007, pp. 3939-3944.
[97] M. C. F. Donkers, W. P. M. H. Heemels, N. van de Wouw, and L. Hetel, "Stability analysis of networked control systems using a switched linear systems approach," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 2101-2115, Sep. 2011.
[98] M. Li, J. Sun, and L. H. Dou, "Stability of an improved dynamic quantised system with time-varying delay and packet losses," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 988-995, Apr. 2014.
[99] C. Z. Zhang, G. Feng, J. B. Qiu, and Y. Y. Shen, "Control synthesis for a class of linear network-based systems with communication constraints," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 3339-3348, Aug. 2013.
[100] P. Shi, R. N. Yang, and H. J. Gao, "State feedback control for networked systems with mixed delays subject to quantization and dropout compensation," in Proc. 2011 Chinese Control and Decision Conf., Mianyang, China, pp. 295-299.
[101] F. Rasool and S. K. Nguang, "Quantized robust H_{∞} output feedback control of discrete-time systems with random communication delays," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 2252-2262, Dec. 2010.
[102] M. S. Mahmoud and N. B. Almutairi, "Feedback fuzzy control for quantized networked systems with random delays," Appl. Math. Comput., vol. 290, pp. 80-97, Nov. 2016.
[103] G. Y. Lai, Z. Liu, Y. Zhang, and C. L. P. Chen, "Adaptive fuzzy quantized control of time-delayed nonlinear systems with communication constraint," Fuzzy Sets Syst., vol. 314, pp. 61-78, May 2017.
[104] M. S. Mahmoud, "Improved networked-control systems approach with communication constraint," IMA J. Math. Control Inf., vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 215-233, Jun. 2012.
[105] C. Jiang, D. X. Zou, Q. L. Zhang, and S. Guo, "Quantized dynamic output feedback control for networked control systems," J. Syst. Eng. Electron., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1025-1032, Dec. 2010.
[106] J. J. Yan, Y. Q. Xia, and C. L. Wen, "Quantized control for NCSs with communication constraints," Neurocomputing, vol. 267, pp. 489-499, Dec. 2017.
[107] S. J. L. M. van Loon, M. C. F. Donkers, N. van de Wouw, and W. P. M. H. Heemels, "Stability analysis of networked and quantized linear control systems," Nonlinear Anal.: Hybrid Syst., vol. 10, pp. 111-125, Nov. 2013.
[108] H. J. Gao, T. W. Chen, and J. Lam, "A new delay system approach to network-based control," Automatica, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 39-52, Jan. 2008.
[109] D. Yue, Q. L. Han, and J. Lam, "Network-based robust H_{∞} control of systems with uncertainty," Automatica, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 999-1007, Jun. 2005.
[110] Z. G. Wu, P. Shi, H. Y. Su, and J. Chu, "Sampled-data exponential synchronization of complex dynamical networks with time-varying coupling delay," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. Learn. Syst., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1177-1187, Aug. 2013.
[111] Z. G. Wu, P. Shi, H. Y. Su, and J. Chu, "Local synchronization of chaotic neural networks with sampled-data and saturating actuators," IEEE Trans. Cybern., vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 2635-2645, Dec. 2014.
[112] A. Seuret, F. Michaut, J. P. Richard, and T. Divoux, "Networked control using GPS synchronization," in Proc. American Control Conf., Minneapolis, MN, USA, 2006, pp. 4195-4200.
[113] W. J. Jiang, K. Alexandre, R. Jean-Pierre, and T. Armand, "A gain scheduling strategy for the control and estimation of a remote robot via Internet," in Proc. 27th Chinese Control Conf., Kunming, China, 2008, pp. 793-799.
[114] W. J. Jiang, A. Kruszewski, J. P. Richard, and A. Toguyeni, "Networked control and observation for Master-Slave systems," in Delay Differential Equations. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009, pp. 1-23.
[115] K. Liu, E. Fridman, and L. Hetel, "Stability and L_{2}-gain analysis of networked control systems under Round-Robin scheduling: a timedelay approach," Syst. Control Lett., vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 666-675, May 2012.
[116] K. Liu, E. Fridman, and L. Hetel, "Network-based control via a novel analysis of hybrid systems with time-varying delays," in Proc. 51st IEEE Ann. Conf. Decision and Control (CDC), Maui, HI, USA, 2012, pp. 3886-3891.
[117] K. Liu and E. Fridman, "Discrete-time network-based control under scheduling and actuator constraints," Int. J. Robust Nonlinear Control, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1816-1830, Aug. 2015.
[118] K. Liu, E. Fridman, and L. Hetel, "Networked control systems in the presence of scheduling protocols and communication delays," SIAM J. Control Optim., vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1768-1788, Jul. 2015.
[119] O. L. V. Costa and M. D. Fragoso, "Stability results for discrete-time linear systems with Markovian jumping parameters," J. Math. Anal. Appl., vol. 179, no. 1, pp. 154-178, Oct. 1993.
[120] P. Seiler and R. Sengupta, "An H_{∞} approach to networked control," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 356-364, Mar. 2005.
[121] L. Q. Zhang, Y. Shi, T. W. Chen, and B. Huang, "A new method for stabilization of networked control systems with random delays," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 50, no. 8, pp. 1177-1181, Aug. 2005.
[122] D. W. Wu, J. Wu, S. Chen, and J. Chu, "Stability of networked control systems with polytopic uncertainty and buffer constraint," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 1202-1208, 2010.
[123] L. Xiao, A. Hassibi, and J. P. How, "Control with random communication delays via a discrete-time jump system approach," in Proc. 2000 American Control Conf., Chicago, IL, USA, pp. 2199-2204.
[124] L. X. Zhang and E. K. Boukas, "Stability and stabilization of Markovian jump linear systems with partly unknown transition probabilities," Automatica, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 463-468, Feb. 2009.
[125] R. Y. Ling, L. Yu, D. Zhang, and W. A. Zhang, "A Markovian system approach to distributed H_{∞} filtering for sensor networks with stochastic sampling," J. Franklin Instit., vol. 351, no. 11, pp. 4998-5014, Nov. 2014.
[126] Z. Li, F. Alsaadi, T. Hayat, and H. J. Gao, "New results on stability analysis and stabilisation of networked control system," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 8, no. 16, pp. 1707-1715, Nov. 2014.
[127] R. Y. Ling, J. T. Chen, W. A. Zhang, and D. Zhang, "Energy-efficient H_{∞} filtering over wireless networked systems - a Markovian system approach," Signal Process., vol. 120, pp. 495-502, Mar. 2016.
[128] F. L. Qu, B. Hu, Z. H. Guan, Y. H. Wu, D. X. He, and D. F. Zheng, "Quantized stabilization of wireless networked control systems with packet losses," ISA Trans., vol. 64, pp. 92-97, Sep. 2016.
[129] L. J. Zha, J. A. Fang, X. F. Li, and J. L. Liu, "Event-triggered output feedback H_{∞} control for networked Markovian jump systems with quantizations," Nonlinear Anal.: Hybrid Syst., vol. 24, pp. 146-158, May 2017.
[130] P. Shi and F. B. Li, "A survey on Markovian jump systems: modeling and Design," Int. J. Control Autom. Syst., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1-16, Feb. 2015.
[131] H. Lin and P. J. Antsaklis, "Persistent disturbance attenuation properties for networked control systems," in Proc. 43rd IEEE Conf. Decision and Control (CDC), Nassau, Bahamas, 2004, pp. 953-958.
[132] H. Lin and P. Antsaklis, "Stability and persistent disturbance attenuation properties for a class of networked control systems: switched system approach," Int. J. Control, vol. 78, no. 18, pp. 1447-1458, Dec. 2005.
[133] H. Lin, G. S. Zhai, and P. J. Antsaklis, "Asymptotic stability and disturbance attenuation properties for a class of networked control systems," J. Control Theory Appl., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 76-85, Feb. 2006.
[134] Y. L. Wang and G. H. Yang, "H_{∞} control of networked control systems with time delay and packet disordering," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 1344-1354, Sep. 2007.
[135] W. A. Zhang and L. Yu, "Modelling and control of networked control systems with both network-induced delay and packet-dropout," Automatica, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 3206-3210, Dec. 2008.
[136] W. A. Zhang and L. Yu, "New approach to stabilisation of networked control systems with time-varying delays," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 1094-1104, Dec. 2008.
[137] L. Hetel, J. Daafouz, and C. Lung, "Analysis and control of LTI and switched systems in digital loops via an event-based modelling," Int. J. Control, vol. 81, no. 7, pp. 1125-1138, Jul. 2008.
[138] M. C. F. Donkers, W. P. M. H. Heemels, N. van de Wouw, and L. Hetel, "Stability analysis of networked control systems using a switched linear systems approach," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 2101-2115, Sep. 2011.
[139] X. M. Sun, G. P. Liu, W. Wang, and R. David, "Stability analysis for networked control systems based on average dwell time method," Int. J. Robust Nonlinear Control, vol. 20, no. 15, pp. 1774-1784, Oct. 2010.
[140] A. Kruszewski, W. J. Jiang, E. Fridman, J. P. Richard, and A. Toguyeni, "A switched system approach to exponential stabilization through communication network," IEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 887-900, Jul. 2012.
[141] W. A. Zhang and L. Yu, "Output feedback stabilization of networked control systems with packet dropouts," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 1705-1710, Sep. 2007.
[142] R. Wang, G. P. Liu, W. Wang, D. Rees, and Y. B. Zhao, "H_{∞} control for networked predictive control systems based on the switched Lyapunov function method," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 3565-3571, Oct. 2010.
[143] W. A. Zhang, L. Yu, and S. Yin, "A switched system approach to H_{∞} control of networked control systems with time-varying delays," J. Franklin Inst., vol. 348, no. 2, pp. 165-178, Mar. 2011.
[144] X. D. Zhao, L. X. Zhang, P. Shi, and M. Liu, "Stability and stabilization of switched linear systems with mode-dependent average dwell time," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 1809-1815, Jul. 2012.
[145] D. Zhang, L. Yu, and W. A. Zhang, "Exponential H_{∞} filtering for nonlinear discrete-time switched stochastic systems with mixed time delays and random missing measurements," Asian J. Control, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 807-816, May 2012.
[146] W. A. Zhang, H. Dong, G. Guo, and L. Yu, "Distributed sampled-data H_{∞} filtering for sensor networks with nonuniform sampling periods," IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 871-881, May 2014.
[147] W. A. Zhang, A. D. Liu, and K. X. Xing, "Stability analysis and stabilization of aperiodic sampled-data systems based on a switched system approach," J. Franklin Inst., vol. 353, no. 4, pp. 955-970, Mar. 2016.
[148] D. Yue, E. G. Tian, Z. D. Wang, and J. Lam, "Stabilization of systems with probabilistic interval input delays and its applications to networked control systems," IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A:Syst. Humans, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 939-945, Jul. 2009.
[149] C. Peng, D. Yue, E. G. Tian, and Z. Gu, "A delay distribution based stability analysis and synthesis approach for networked control systems," J. Franklin Inst., vol. 346, no. 4, pp. 349-365, May 2009.
[150] F. Yang, Z. Wang, Y. S. Hung, and M. Gani, "H_{∞} control for networked systems with random communication delays," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 511-518, Mar. 2006.
[151] M. C. F. Donkers, W. P. M. H. Heemels, D. Bernardini, A. Bemporad, and V. Shneer, "Stability analysis of stochastic networked control systems," Automatica, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 917-925, May 2012.
[152] M. Tabbara and D. Nesic, "Input-output stability of networked control systems with stochastic protocols and channels," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1160-1175, Jun. 2008.
[153] H. J. Gao, X. Y. Meng, and T. W. Chen, "Stabilization of networked control systems with a new delay characterization," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 2142-2148, Sep. 2008.
[154] H. L. Dong, Z. D. Wang, and H. J. Gao, "Robust H_{∞} filtering for a class of nonlinear networked systems with multiple stochastic communication delays and packet dropouts," IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 1957-1966, Apr. 2010.
[155] J. G. Li, J. Q. Yuan, and J. G. Lu, "Observer-based H_{∞} control for networked nonlinear systems with random packet losses," ISA Trans., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 39-46, Jan. 2010.
[156] Y. Wang, C. Li, and X. Y. Liu, "Consensus-based filter designing for wireless sensor networks with packet loss," ISA Trans., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 578-583, Mar. 2014.
[157] H. C. Yan, F. F. Qian, F. W. Yang, and H. B. Shi, "H_{∞} filtering for nonlinear networked systems with randomly occurring distributed delays, missing measurements and sensor saturation," Inf. Sci., vol. 370-371, pp. 772-782, Nov. 2016.
[158] Q. Y. Xu, Y. J. Zhang, W. L. He, and S. Y. Xiao, "Event-triggered networked H_{∞} control of discrete-time nonlinear singular systems," Appl. Math. Comput., vol. 298, pp. 368-382, Apr. 2017.
[159] P. Naghshtabrizi, J. Hespanha, and A. R. Teel, "Exponential stability of impulsive systems with application to uncertain sampled-data systems," Syst. Control Lett., vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 378-385, May 2008.
[160] T. T. Li, L. X. Li, and M. R. Fei, "Exponential stability of a classic networked control systems with variable and bounded delay based on impulsive control theory," in Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Intelligent Computation Technology and Automation, Changsha, China, 2009, pp. 785-789.
[161] D. W. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, and X. C. Jia, "Event-triggered dissipative control for model-based networked control systems:an impulsive system approach," in Proc. Chinese Automation Congress (CAC), Wuhan, China, 2015, pp. 2007-2012.
[162] C. Z. Yuan and F. Wu, "Delay scheduled impulsive control for networked control systems," IEEE Trans. Control Netw. Syst., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 587-597, Sep. 2017.
[163] S. Y. Xu and T. W. Chen, "Robust H_{∞} filtering for uncertain impulsive stochastic systems under sampled measurements," Automatica, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 509-516, Mar. 2003.
[164] N. van de Wouw, P. Naghshtabrizi, M. Cloosterman, and J. P. Hespanha, "Tracking control for networked control systems," in Proc. 46th IEEE Conf. Decision and Control, New Orleans, LA, USA, 2007, pp. 4441-4446.
[165] W. H. Chen and W. X. Zheng, "Input-to-state stability for networked control systems via an improved impulsive system approach," Automatica, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 789-796, Apr. 2011
[166] C. Briat and A. Seuret, "Convex dwell-time characterizations for uncertain linear impulsive systems," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 3241-3246, Dec. 2012.
[167] C. Briat, "Convex conditions for robust stability analysis and stabilization of linear aperiodic impulsive and sampled-data systems under dwell-time constraints," Automatica, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 3449-3457, Nov. 2013.
[168] R. N. Yang, G. P. Liu, P. Shi, C. Thomas, and M. V. Basin, "Predictive output feedback control for networked control systems," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 512-520, Jan. 2014.
[169] Y. B. Zhao, G. P. Liu and D. Rees, "A predictive control-based approach to networked Hammerstein systems:design and stability analysis," IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. B Cybern., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 700-708, Jun. 2008.
[170] G. P. Liu, "Predictive controller design of networked systems with communication delays and data loss," IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Ⅱ:Express Briefs, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 481-485, Jun. 2010.
[171] J. H. Zhang, Y. Q. Xia, and P. Shi, "Design and stability analysis of networked predictive control systems," IEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1495-1501, Jul. 2013.
[172] Z. H. Pang, G. P. Liu and D. H. Zhou, "Design and performance analysis of incremental networked predictive control systems," IEEE Trans. Cybern., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 1400-1410, Jun. 2016.
[173] G. P. Liu, "Predictive control of networked multiagent systems via cloud computing," IEEE Trans. Cybern., vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 1852-1859, Aug. 2017.
[174] Z. Razavinasab, M. M. Farsangi, and M. Barkhordari, "State estimation-based distributed model predictive control of large-scale networked systems with communication delays," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 11, no. 15, pp. 2497-2505, Sep. 2017.
[175] F. Abdollahi and K. Khorasani, "A decentralized Markovian jump H_{∞} control routing strategy for mobile multi-agent networked systems," IEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 269-283, Mar. 2011.
[176] N. W. Bauer, M. C. F. Donkers, N. van de Wouw, and W. P. M. H. Heemels, "Decentralized observer-based control via networked communication," Automatica, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 2074-2086, Jul. 2013.
[177] M. C. F. Donkers and W. P. M. H. Heemels, "Output-based eventtriggered control with guaranteed L∞-gain and improved and decen-tralized event-triggering," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1362-1376, Jun. 2012.
[178] M. Mazo and M. Cao, "Asynchronous decentralized event-triggered control," Automatica, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 3197-3203, Dec. 2014.
[179] F. Zhou, Z. W. Huang, Y. Yang, J. Wang, L. R. Li, and J. Peng, "Decentralized event-triggered cooperative control for multi-agent systems with uncertain dynamics using local estimators," Neurocomputing, vol. 237, pp. 388-396, May 2017.
[180] X. F. Wang and M. D. Lemmon, "Event-triggering in distributed networked control systems," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 586-601, Mar. 2011.
[181] M. Guinaldo, D. V. Dimarogonas, K. H. Johansson, J. Sánchez, and S. Dormido, "Distributed event-based control strategies for interconnected linear systems," IET Control Theory Appl., vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 877-886, Apr. 2013.
[182] M. Andersson, D. V. Dimarogonas, H. Sandberg, and K. H. Johansson, "Distributed control of networked dynamical systems:static feedback, integral action and consensus," IEEE Trans. Autom. Control, vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 1750-1764, Jul. 2014.
[183] M. Guinaldo, D. Lehmann, J. Sánchez, S. Dormido, and K. H. Johansson, "Distributed event-triggered control for non-reliable networks," J. Franklin Inst., vol. 351, no. 12, pp. 5250-5273, Dec. 2014.
[184] G. Guo, L. Ding, and Q. L. Han, "A distributed event-triggered transmission strategy for sampled-data consensus of multi-agent systems," Automatica, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1489-1496, May 2014.
[185] M. S. Mahmoud and M. Sabih, "Experimental investigations for distributed networked control systems," IEEE Syst. J., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 717-725, Sep. 2014.
[186] M. S. Mahmoud, M. Sabih, and M. Elshafei, "Event-triggered output feedback control for distributed networked systems," ISA Trans., vol. 60, pp. 294-302, Jan. 2016.
[187] Y. Q. Xia, "From networked control systems to cloud control systems," in Proc. 31st Chinese Control Conf., Hefei, China, 2012, pp. 5878-5883.
[188] G. P. Liu, "Predictive control of networked multiagent systems via cloud computing," IEEE Trans. Cybern., vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 1852-1859, Aug. 2017.
[189] Y. Q. Xia, "Cloud control systems," IEEE/CAA J. of Autom. Sinica, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 134-142, Apr. 2015.
[190] Y. Q. Xia, Y. M. Qin, D. H. Zhai, and S. C. Chai, "Further results on cloud control systems," Sci. China Inf. Sci., vol. 59, no. 7, pp. Article ID 073201, Jun. 2016.
[191] J. M. Luna and C. T. Abdallah, "Control in computing systems:Part I," in Proc. 2011 IEEE Int. Symp. Computer-Aided Control System Design (CACSD), Denver, CO, USA, pp. 25-31.
[192] J. M. Luna and C. T. Abdallah, "Control in computing systems:Part Ⅱ," in Proc. 2011 IEEE Int. Symp. Computer-Aided Control System Design (CACSD), Denver, CO, USA, pp. 32-36.
[193] M. S. Mahmoud "Approaches to remote control systems," in Proc. IECON 2016-42nd Ann. Conf. IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Florence, Italy, 2016, pp. 4607-4612.
[194] D. Sauter, M. A. Sid, S. Aberkane, and D. Maquin, "Co-design of safe networked control systems," Ann. Rev. Control, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 321-332, Dec. 2013.
[195] S. B. Li, D. Sauter, and B. G. Xu, "Co-design of event-triggered H_{∞} control for discrete-time linear parameter-varying systems with network-induced delays," J. Franklin Inst., vol. 352, no. 5, pp. 1867-1892, May 2015.
[196] J. Wu, X. S. Zhan, X. H. Zhang, T. Han, and H. L. Gao, "Performance limitation of networked systems with controller and communication filter co-design," Trans. Inst. Measur. Control, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. Article ID. 407597870, Feb. 2018.